What You Need to Know About Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is known to be the major cause of legal blindness and severe vision loss in the U.S., affecting almost 10 million Americans. This is accountable for 50% of all cases of blindness, more than cataracts and glaucoma combined. It affects the ability to read, drive, identify faces, and accomplish activities that require detailed vision. It is an eye disease normally related to aging and most often affects people over the age of 50. However, it is not a usual consequence of aging. This disease can also impact younger people.
Early identification and treatment may help reduce vision loss due to macular degeneration. Here at Illumineyes Vision Care, we are dedicated in detecting this eye disease early on. We can diagnose age-related macular degeneration with a comprehensive eye exam, visual acuity test, and a dilated eye exam.
Types and Treatment of Macular Degeneration
There are two known types of macular degeneration: “dry” and “wet.” Roughly 85% to 90% of the cases of this vision problem are the dry or atrophic type, while 10% to 15% are the wet or exudative type.
The cause of atrophic macular degeneration is unknown. It results in a gradual loss of central vision, and it tends to progress more slowly than exudative macular degeneration. Presently, there is no known treatment yet. However, diet and lifestyle, including the use of a suitable supplement, can help slow disease advancement and vision loss.
Exudative macular degeneration is generally caused by abnormal blood vessels that secretes fluid or blood into the macula. It causes unfocused vision or a blind spot in your visual field. There are numerous treatments available for this type of macular degeneration. While these treatments cannot eliminate the disease, their intention is to stabilize and maintain the best vision for as long as possible.
According to studies, another major cause for blindness is diabetic retinopathy. This is when the retinal blood vessels deteriorate, which may cause leaking into the center of the retina. For this reason, our opthamologist and optometrist recommends diabetic patients to have a dilated eye exam at least once every year. Diabetic retinopathy services is available at Illumineyes Vision Care.
Make an Appointment Today
Whether you have macular degeneration or any other eye disorder, we look forward to helping you and your family enjoy improved vision and eye health. To book an appointment, feel free to give us a call at (603) 598-1620 or fill out a contact form.